The Scribe finds torturous the frequent misuse of tortious and tortuous—so let’s clear up the confusion once and for all.
Wrongful conduct that leads to tort liability is tortious, e.g.,
- Defendant allowed her dog to bark at plaintiff as she walked on the sidewalk. Those tortious acts startled and harmed the plaintiff by causing her to toss and turn all night.
A twisting, looping path (or anything else that is full of twists and turns) is tortuous, e.g.,
- The climbers followed a tortuous path to the top of Mt. Thielsen.
- The long and winding road that leads to your door, is tortuous. (Alternative lyrics to the classic Beatles song.)
Sadly, when reviewing pleadings and other documents, the Scribe finds sentences like this: “Plaintiff properly alleges a claim for tortuous interference with economic relations.” In fact, plaintiff does not properly allege a claim for tortuous interference. There is no such thing (although inelegantly pled claims are often tortuous); wrongful conduct is tortious, not tortuous. That’s why the law recognizes a claim for tortious interference—not tortuous interference (which would be interference with my effort to complete this paragraph, for example, and is not compensable). So even though Microsoft Word doesn’t contain the word “tortious”—and prompts you to convert “tortious” to “tortuous”—ignore Word’s mistaken prompt and add “tortious” to your dictionary.
(By the way, something that is torturous involves torture.)
That is all for now …